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If your vegetable gardening is limited by space or access to a good garden site, consider growing vegetables in containers. Container gardening provides the additional advantage of having your fresh vegetables just outside the door for great convenience. A sunny porch, balcony or patio can be used. You can purchase or create your own blend of container growing mix to supply your plants with the nutrition they need. This reduces potential problems associated with infertile garden sites, nematodes and other soil issues.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to prune young eggplant easy way Not ready to bear fruits/flowersContent:
- Eggplant Growing and Harvest Information
- How To Grow Eggplant And Tricks To Get More Fruit
- 8 things to consider when growing Eggplants in your Backyard
- How Long Do Eggplant Plants Live?
- Eggplant Growing Problems: Troubleshooting
Eggplant Growing and Harvest Information
Eggplants—also known as aubergines or brinjals—are warm-weather vegetables that are harvested in mid- to late summer. Eggplant tastes best when harvested young. See more about growing and harvesting these lovely deep purple vegetables—one of our favorites on the grill! Eggplant Solanum melongena grows wild in its homeland of South Asia as a perennial plant, though these warm-season vegetables are treated by most gardeners as annuals.
Given their tropical and subtropical heritage, eggplants do require relatively high temperatures, similar to tomatoes and peppers which, like eggplants, are in the Nightshade family.
Like tomatoes and peppers, eggplants develop and hang from the branches of a plant that grows several feet in height. Because they need warm soil, eggplants are usually purchased as 6- to 8-week-old transplants or, started indoors about two months in advance to get a head start.
Raised beds enriched with composted manure are an ideal growing place for eggplants because the soil warms more quickly. Eggplants are also great for containers and make lovely ornamental borders. In fact, there are quite a few ornamental eggplant varieties available today, whose inedible fruit have attractive variegated patterns. Though eggplants are usually a beautiful dark purple color, their color can vary, and so can the size and shape—from small- to large-fruited.
You harvest eggplant when the color is glossy. Do NOT pull eggplant from the plant. Use shears to clip the fruit from the plant, leaving about 1 inch of stem. Also be very gentle as eggplant is tender and can be accidentally pierced easily. Where are the recipes you promised.
What did deception. Did not want but you offered instead. This is my first and my last time I will visit this site. We also have a separate collection of eggplant recipes here! Breadcrumb Home Gardening Growing Guides. Photo Credit. Botanical Name. Plant Type. Sun Exposure. Full Sun. Soil pH. Slightly Acidic to Neutral. Bloom Time. Flower Color. Catherine Boeckmann. About Eggplants Eggplant Solanum melongena grows wild in its homeland of South Asia as a perennial plant, though these warm-season vegetables are treated by most gardeners as annuals.
When to Plant Eggplant Start seeds indoors in flats or peat pots 8—9 weeks prior to the last spring frost date. Alternatively, buy 6- to 8-week-old nursery transplants just before planting. Do not plant eggplant transplants into the garden until after the last threat of frost.
If purchasing transplants: Buy high-quality specimens.Do not purchase tall, spindly plants or young plants that have blossoms or you will have a lower yield. Choosing and Preparing a Planting Site Choose a very sunny spot for the best results.
Eggplant grows best in a well-drained sandy loam or loam soil, fairly high in organic matter. Soil pH should be between 5. Use a covering of black plastic mulch to warm soils before setting out transplants. Eggplant requires moderate amounts of fertilizer. Mix 1 inch or so of well-rotted manure or a general fertilizer such as throughout the planting bed about a week before planting.
Apply 2 to 3 pounds per square feet. Each plant needs five-gallon or, larger pots and should be placed in full sun and outdoors so it can be pollinated. Use a premium potting mix to avoid disease. How to Plant Eggplant Stake the plants right away just an inch or two from the plant to provide support as they climb and to avoid disturbing the soil later.
If you live in a cold climate, consider using row covers to keep the eggplants warm and sheltered. Open the ends of the row covers on warm days so that the bees may pollinate. After planting, water well. Add a layer of mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds. How to Grow Eggplant Eggplant will fall over once loaded with fruit! Be sure to stake tall plants or use a cage to keep the plants upright. If growing eggplant in containers, stake the stems before the fruit forms.
For bigger fruits, restrict to five or six per plant. Pinch out the terminal growing points for a bushier plant. Water well to moisten the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches so the soil is moist but never soggy.
Consistent watering is best, and a soaker hose or drip system at ground level is ideal. The critical period for moisture is during fruit set and fruit development. Mulching can help to provide uniform moisture, conserve water and reduce weeds. Apply a balanced fertilizer twice during the growing season.Side-dress when the first fruits are about the size of a quarter, using 3 ounces of calcium nitrate per 10 feet of row.
Sidedress again in about two to three weeks. Note: Too much nitrogen may cause excessive vegetative growth. If you are using plastic mulch, apply fertilizer through drip irrigation, or apply fertilizer to the side of the row. Here are some of the more common eggplant pests, diseases, and problems.
Flea beetles are probably the most common pest, but a healthy eggplant should be able to withstand damage from their tiny holes. Damage is usually serious only on young seedlings. Grow plants under row covers until they are large enough to tolerate leaf damage. Remove garden debris in the fall to remove any overwintering beetles. Powdery Mildew can affect eggplant. This appears as white, powdery spots on the leaves which may turn yellow and die. The best method of control is prevention. Planting resistant varieties when available, planting in full sun, and provide good air circulation.
Water at the soil level, not on the leaves. Tomato Hornworms are sometimes an issue as are Colorado potato beetles, lace bugs, and mites. If the flowers on your eggplants form but then fall off, or if fruit does not develop, the most likely problem is that the temperatures are too cold. Eggplants like it hot! Wait for warmer temperatures; you may have to replant, depending on the variety. Strangely-shaped eggplant are the result of inconsistent watering or low moisture.
Recommended Varieties. The standard eggplant produces egg-shaped, glossy, purple-black fruit. One plant produces 4 to 6 large rounded fruit. Expect a dozen or more fruit from one plant. Small-fruited varieties tend to be especially heavy bearers. Ornamental varieties are edible, but have poor eating quality. Not edible. How to Harvest Eggplant Harvest eggplant 65 to 80 days after transplanting, depending on the variety. When starting from seed, expect to days to maturity.
July, August, and September even into October are all harvest months for eggplant, depending on where you live and the variety you planted. If you harvest early and often, the plant will be quite prolific. Once ready, check on your eggplants every 2 to 3 days. The best way to gauge the time to harvest: Fruits are ripe when their skin first fails to rebound to fingernail pressure. Harvesting is a bit of an art; fruits can taste bitter if picked when underripe or overripe.
The skin of the fruit should look glossy and unwrinkled and have a uniform color. If you cut the eggplant open, the seeds should be soft but formed. If the skin looks faded and the seeds inside are dark and hard, the fruit will taste bitter. Japanese eggplant may be ready to harvest when the size of a finger or hot dog. Cut the fruit off with a sharp knife the stem is tough close to the stem above the green cap calyx on the top, leaving about an inch of it attached.
Here is a troubleshooting list of possible eggplant problems with control and cure suggestions: More eggplant growing success tips are at the bottom of this post. Cutworms are gray or brown grubs that hide in the soil by day and feed at night. Handpick grubs from the soil around plants. Keep the garden free of plant debris. Place a 3-inch cardboard collar around the seedlings stem and push it 1 inch into the soil. Physiological leaf roll, not caused by pathogen; it may be a reaction to temperature or weather.
tropical plant originating in Asia and India. Eggplant is a member Nutritionally, eggplant is not a to 40 days are required for fruit to.
How To Grow Eggplant And Tricks To Get More Fruit
Whether you call it eggplant, aubergine, or brinjal, Solanum melongena is interesting to grow and great fun to eat. Ben Vanheems has covered growing eggplant in cooler climates , but even if you have plenty of heat, eggplant can be a tricky crop.After growing eggplant in several different places, I have learned five valuable tips worth sharing. Just as petite cherry tomatoes are easier to grow compared to varieties with huge fruits, eggplant varieties that produce modest-size fruits are the most trustworthy types for gardens. These bushy eggplant varieties produce numerous secondary branches as the growing season progresses, which gives them staying power in the garden. There is never a hurry to start eggplant seeds, because the plants grow best under warm conditions. Thanks to their broad leaves, eggplant seedlings grow quickly, gaining size faster than tomatoes or peppers. If you have a long, warm growing season and use a split season planting plan, you can start seeds in midsummer for a fall crop. Set out the seedlings out during a spell of cloudy weather. Growing eggplant would be ridiculously easy if not for eggplant flea beetles.
8 things to consider when growing Eggplants in your Backyard
The fruit comes in all shades of purple, some with white streaks, and some varieties are all white or even green at maturity. Depending on the variety, the fruit can be egg-shaped, round, long and skinny, and even curved. It is so much fun watching them grow. In the kitchen, eggplant can be baked, roasted, grilled, pan-seared or fried.
Some people think they look ugly, but that does not deter most of us from growing these fairly hardy vegetables.
How Long Do Eggplant Plants Live?
More Information ». It generally has a long growing season and grows slowly during cool periods. Plant in the spring after the last chance of frost and the soil has thoroughly warmed. Set out 6 to 8-week-old transplants to get a head start toward harvest. Purchase eggplant transplants from a reputable garden center to ensure the plants are the best quality. Do not purchase tall, spindly plants or plants with blossoms.
Eggplant Growing Problems: Troubleshooting
Gardeners in warm regions rejoice! Although fussy to grow in cooler areas, eggplant thrives in warm weather. Learn how to grow eggplant, and add this beautiful fruit yes, eggplant is a fruit to your garden and table. Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links. See my disclosure policy for more information.
Eggplants can be sensitive to temperature. If it's too hot, they may not set fruit, probably because of sterile pollen (from the heat) as with tomatoes. My.
This past summer, Skolnik said, he grew a Black Beauty eggplant bush in a gallon container. Should I heavily prune it back to short and stubby stems? How should I water and fertilize it? Should I repot it in new soil in the spring?RELATED VIDEO: how to hand pollinate eggplants, why are my eggplants not setting fruit
Having trouble growing zucchini in your garden? Here's one possible reason why you're getting a small yield of this popular summer squash. Photo by: Julie Martens Forney. I get this question a lot. Here's the situation as it's usually described to me: My zucchini have beautiful blossoms but they fall off with no fruit.
Why are my plants so small and growing slowly? Eggplants are sensitive to the cold.
You might be wondering if the flowers are supposed to fall off at some point. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. You can learn more about how to grow eggplants in our guide. Maybe the wind never blew briskly enough to dislodge pollen from the anthers.
April 18,Whether you call it an eggplant or an aubergine, the typically purple Solanum Melongena is a tasty vegetable that has long been misunderstood. From its origins in India and China, the eggplant spread in popularity across Asia and Europe. However, in the U.